Liguria

A little history


A Roman region, at the beginning of the IV century it was united with Emilia and at the end of the century was united with the Transpadana and had for its capital Milan.
After the period of the first Middle Ages, in the middle of the X century it became divided between the march arduinica (western), aleramica (central), obertenga (eastern), Marches of which came the principal feudal families of the region.
The fighting in this part of the land was very lively between the various feuds and bishops; the Councils of those places involved in the fighting participated in the defence of the region against the Saracens, the Crusades, overseas commerce, but their history is all dominated by their relationship with Genoa that expanded politically and ecclesiastically against the Councils of the riviera, against the feudal lords, against Pisa, in the Apennines and on the Levant Riviera where the Fieschi resisted until the XVI century. But above all the western riviera resisted due to the more numerous and strong Councils (Ventimiglia, Albenga, Savona) and the more powerful feudal families such as the Counts of Ventigmiglia, the Marqueses of Finale. These fights with various events continued for all of the 1700ís. In 1805 Liguria lost its autonomy and name because it was divided by France into sections. From 1815 - after the fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna - it became part of the Kingdom of Savoia and Sardinia with the name of the Duchy of Genoa and from 1861 this land was incorporated into the new Italian State with the denomination of Liguria.
The invasions of the Saracens, the Crusades, and the marine traffic added to the local cooking through the importance of new products and spices.