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Wine


In order to gather some information about the cultivation of grapevines in Molise, it is necessary to go back to the fifth century BC. This is a period in which the activities of the population of Molise were characterised by agriculture and animal breeding. This type of economy not only survived throughout several migrations, but it was reinforced during the pre-Roman era with the coming to power of the Samnites.
These populations were also cultivators of grapevines. Once it became a Roman colony, the Samnite territory began to decline and depopulate. As a result, in 180 BC, the Romans deported Ligurian colonies from the Apuan areas in an effort to repopulate the area, and these Ligurians began to cultivate grapevines again.
Other information about vine cultivation in the area during the long period of Roman domination and the early and late Middle Ages is missing. This enological “silence” continued during the Renaissance and the modern age. It is with the unification of Italy that grapevines and wine from Molise are again mentioned. The historian Galanti, in 1871, noted that Molise had a strong wine production, so much so that they traded with Abruzzi. He also noted that the wines from Molise were “white, agreeable and light”. The historian also specified that the vine growing and wine producing centres, where they made “spirited and light wines”, were Lucito, Mirabello, Petrella, San Giovanni in Goldo and Toro.
The vines had, in those times, maple trees planted with them as a support, since the practice at the time was to plant the vines between rows of trees. The wines produced were mostly mixing wines, common reds and ‘cooked’ and young whites.
Regarding the vineyards, those with white grapes, like Trebbiano, Greco, Cacaccione, Cacciadebiti and Bombino white, were noteworthy, while there is no information about those with red grapes. It is believed, however, that the modern day Montepulciano and Sangiovese were already in full cultivation. The vine growing and wine-producing framework has retained these characteristics until the 1970’s. With the beginning of the DOC legislation, Molise did not have a clear idea of how to make the most of their products and wines of quality, and how to market them. They preferred to fulfil the demand for grapes, used mostly for mixing wines, whose production did not require large investments of capital and did not call for the risks involved in marketing.


BIFERNO

This name includes three types of wine: red, rose and white. All three are produced in the area of Campobasso, near the river of the same name.
The red has a more or less intense ruby red colour with garnet red reflections when aged. It has a pleasing, distinctive aroma and a dry, harmonious, velvety flavour, properly tannic. It has a minimum alcohol content of 11.5 percent. A “riserva” version is planned.
The rosÚ has the same minimum alcohol content as the red type. It has a more or less intense rose colour and a fruity, delicate aroma. It has a dry, fresh, fruity and harmonious flavour. Its best organoleptic characteristics are appreciated in its first year.
The white has a straw yellow colour with greenish reflections. It has a pleasing, delicate, lightly spiced aroma and a dry, harmonious, fresh flavour. It has a minimum alcohol content of 10.5 percent. Its flavour is at its fullest in the first year.


MOLISE

There are many areas in Molise, especially in the hills and foothills, dedicated to the production of quality wines. There are seven townships recognised as suitable for the production of the eighteen types of wine which bear the name Molise.
Amongst the white varieties, which have a more or less intense straw yellow colour, there is also the white with a delicate, pleasing, distinctive aroma and a dry, intense, harmonious flavour with a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent; the Trebbiano has the same aroma, but is fruity. It has a zesty, fresh and harmonious, even lightly vivacious, flavour and a minimum alcohol content of 10.5 percent. Falanghina has the same minimum alcohol content with a delicate, pleasing, distinctive aroma. It has a dry, lightly vivacious, harmonious flavour. The Moscato has the same minimum alcohol content but a colour which is sometimes golden. It has a distinctive, harmonious aroma and flavour. The Moscato sparkling wine has the same characteristics with a fine, persistent foam and a sweet flavour. The Moscato raisin wine has a golden yellow colour. It has an aroma typical of Moscato wine, harmonious, distinctive, intense and delicate. It has a sweet, harmonious, pleasing flavour with a minimum alcohol content of 14 percent.
The Sauvignon has a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent and a delicate, pleasing, distinctive aroma. It has a dry, soft, moderately velvety flavour.
There are two other wines which both sometimes have greenish reflections in their colour. The Pinot Bianco has a fresh, fruity aroma and a delicate, harmonious flavour, sometimes lightly vivacious, with a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent. The Chardonnay has the same characteristics.
Novello is one of the red wines of Molise with a more or less intense ruby red colour. It has a pleasing, distinctive, velvety aroma and a soft, harmonious and even velvety flavour. It has a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent. The Sangiovese has the same minimum alcohol content but sometimes has violet reflections. It has a vinous, pleasing, distinctive aroma and a dry warm flavour with a delicately bitterish aftertaste. Aglianico and Aglianico riserva have the same colour. Aglianico has a more intense aroma and a dry, harmonious, soft, distinctive flavour with a minimum alcohol content of 11.5 percent. Aglianico riserva has the same characteristics as the previous wine but has a minimum alcohol content of 12.5 percent. Tintilia and Tintilia riserva have a more intense colour. Though they have the same characteristics, they have minimum alcohol contents of 11 and 12.5 percent respectively. Montepulciano, Montepulciano riserva and Cabernet Sauvignon have the same colour, though tending towards garnet red. Montepulciano has a vinous, intense, pleasing distinctive aroma and a dry, harmonious, soft flavour, sometimes lightly tannic. It has a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent. Montepulciano riserva has a vinous, intense, etheric, full bodied, distinctive aroma and a full, warm, harmonious, soft flavour, sometimes lightly tannic. It has a minimum alcohol content of 12.5 percent. The Cabernet Sauvignon has a vinous, intense, pleasing, distinctive aroma and a robust, vivacious and harmonious flavour with a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent.


PENTRO DI ISERNIA

The Samnite population was made up of various tribes, one of which, the Pentri, took over the mountains of Isernia. They tenaciously resisted Roman domination.
Isernia wanted to tie the name of their wine to this ancient tribe, rich in courage and heroism.
Pentro di Isernia red has a more or less intense ruby red colour and a pleasing, distinctive aroma. It has a dry, harmonious, lightly tannic flavour with a minimum alcohol content of 11 percent. It may be kept for two years.
The rosÚ has the same minimum alcohol content with a more or less intense rose colour. It has a delicate, pleasing, distinctive aroma and a dry, harmonious, lightly fruity, fresh flavour. It should be consumed in its first year.
The white has a light, straw yellow colour with greenish reflections. It has a delicate, distinctive aroma, more or less fragrant and a dry, intense flavour, quite fresh and harmonious. It has a minimum alcohol content of 10.5 percent. It should be consumed in its first year.

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