Where the Wine may be called Chianti
From the XIX century the land of Chianti from the wine industry point of view included progressively the valleys of Pesa and Arbia and nearly all of the valley of Greve in such that their environmental characteristics were not dissimilar to that of historic Chianti and produced a wine of equal value.
The official recognition was sanctioned with a law in 1932 that inserted all of central Tuscany within the territory of production: an area subdivided in seven zones (Classic, Colli aretini, Colli fiorentini, Colline pisane, Colli senesi, Montalbano, Rufina) that had the obligation of producing the wine with the traditional Chiantigiani vines (Sangiovese, Canaiolo, Malvasia and of which has been added the Trebbiano) to maintain a constant quality. Those confines - geographically officialized on the military map of the Geographical Institute of Florence - was reasserted in 1967 with a law called “Disciplinare del Chianti” which created millions of hectares of specialised vines and fixed rigid regulations that defined the alcoholic grade and the ageing necessary to obtain the qualification of “Vecchio” or “Riserva” for the wines of the various zones. It instituted also the denominazione di origine controllata (Doc) extending later to other territories: Montespertoli, Cerreto Guidi, Gambassi, Agliana, San Miniato, all of ancient wine growing traditions; but to these was not concede the right to add to the label the indication of place of origin of their “Chianti”.
The wine of Chianti Classico until 1991 boasted the mark “Gallo Nero”, but after various judiciary events a sentence was passed giving sanctions to an American winery of Ernest and Julio Gallo to use the name “Gallo Winery”. And so was born the denomination “Chianti classico” and “Chianti geografico” (this last choice by a group of Chiantigiane wine growers), also the mark “Putto” (used outside of Chianti classico) gave its denomination as “Colli fiorentini”.
A firm point in the Chianti territory was established - even if it caused a little pain - in a convention in 1997 in which was reasserted that Chianti was formed by all the territories of Radda, Castellina, Gaiole, Greve, whereas large areas of Barberino Valdelsa, San Casciano Val di Pesa, Castelnuovo Berardenga were excluded and Poggibonsi which was completely excluded.
The appurtenance to the Chianti region and its confines is however always a problem open to discussion and testifies to an undisputed fascination with this land, today many places are inhabited by foreigners, above all German and American, who live here with deep respect.
With regard to Chianti wine, it needs to be said that today is certainly different from those regulations of the Iron Baron: not only to its production but the maximum respect to the vines has been nearly halved, but, eliminating the white grapes and reducing the Canaiolo, today Sangiovese is valued; the alcoholic grade of 12° and 12.5° has been reached for the riserva and the ageing by the better vineyards on average reach - before putting on the market - twenty four months.
The aroma is intense, from the perfume of violets that, distinct in Chianti classico, progressively becomes thinner with the ageing. It is a wine alive and round which is governed by the year, which becomes in time soft and velvety.
A wine which of this land is a symbol, a boast, a rich history.