A little history
The city of Lucca - the name seems to have Celtic-Ligure roots Luk that signifies a marshy place was founded by liguri and became a Roman colony in 180 B.C.
Situated in an internal junction represented by the Cassia, Clodia and Aurelia roads, Roman Lucca was a stopping-off place that between the I and II centuries A.D. knew a certain splendour testified by the building of an Amphi-theatre, an encircling wall, and a theatre.
In this century its primary activity was that of agriculture, and animal breeding and of hunting meat that was eaten cooked over fire without any condiments; the agricultural products referred to a simple cooking based on, above all, maize, on farro (of which even today this area is the major producer), on wheat, chestnuts, milk, cheese and oil.
But the major part of the population had to be happy with poor food such as puls and pulmentum.
The puls is a sort of polenta (thick porridge made with maize flour) but with a farro and millet base and pulmentum is a vegetable soup of barley cooked in broth that was made with the left-over meat from the tables of the rich. At the time of the barbarian migration the city maintained a certain importance, as a strategic military base, and became for a time a free commune, between the XI and XII centuries (in 1162 the Emporer Frederico Barbarossa recognised it as a free commune) so that the economic and territorial development of Lucca had begun, favoured by the opening of a road Romea of which constituted a fundamental station; a position that the Lucchese strongly defended in various assaults by Pisa until the first half of the XIV century. For communication between Europe the northern centre and Rome very few Places in medieval times where as important as Lucca, thanks to it places of hospitality begun by initiatives from the public and private sectors outside and inside the wall where merchants and pilgrims could find sustenance when coming from the north to Rome to visit the tomb of Saint Peter.