San Severino Lucano
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San Severino Lucano rises on the Frido torrent valley in a position allowing the visitor to enjoy a picturesque panorama of the landscape surrounding the National Park of the Pollino. It was built in the 15th century when the Sanseverinos of Bisignano donated the village and the surrounding lands to the monks of the Abbey of Santa Maria del Sagittario. The monks, grateful to the Sanseverinos for this generous gesture, called the village Casale di San Severino. In 1806, under the Napoleonic legislation, the village became an autonomous municipality. Particularly interesting is the Mother Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli, built in the 16th century and having two aisles and one nave which is decorated with cornices and capitals.
In its interior it is possible to admire a 17th century processional church, a 16th century wooden crucifix, a precious ostensory, several 17th-century paintings and a 16th-century wooden sculpture depicting the Deposition by Guido Mazzoni. The church also houses the statue of the Madonna of the Pollino which is shouldered up to the Sanctuary on the first Saturday of June and brought back to the village on the first Saturday of September. The Sanctuary of the Madonna of the Pollino is situated in a place that was originally a grotto and where, according to tradition, the Byzantine-style statue of the Madonna was found. Built at the beginning of the 18th century, the Sanctuary is composed of several buildings belonging to different periods and is visited by pilgrims coming from every part of the region. During the celebrations people gather round the Sanctuary playing bagpipes and harmonicas for three nights and three days. The territory of San Severino Lucano is dotted with mills dating from the 18th and 19th centuries and mainly situated along the flow of the torrent Frido. Near Cropani, a hamlet of the village, at the confluence of the torrent Frido and the torrent Peschiera stands the Fasanelli mill with its full running-grinders. Particularly interesting is the Calabrese mill built in stone and mortar with dry walling and situated near an old spinning mill.
This mill has been famous since the second half of the 19th century because it was ruled by Captain Jannarelli of the National Guard who distinguished himself in his fight against brigandage. The inhabitants of the village live on agriculture and animal breeding activities. During summer livestock migrate to the high grazing grounds of Mount Pollino. Within the surrounding territory there are also several coal beds. The "Sapori del Parco" (Flavours of the Park) is a typical gastronomic celebration, a trip through Lucanian gastronomic tradition taking place during the month of August.
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