Campi Flegrei

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Campi Flegrei, also known as the Phlegraean Fields, is a large 13 km wide caldera situated to the west of Naples.
Today most of the area lies underwater, but it includes the town of Pozzuoli and the Solfatara crater, mythological home of the Roman god of fire, Vulcan. It is thought that the caldera was created in two major events. The first occurred about 40,000 years ago, erupting about 200 km│ of magma (500 km│ bulk volume[1]) to produce the Campanian Ignimbrite. Approximately 12,000 years ago another major eruption occurred, forming a smaller caldera inside the main one, centered on the town of Pozzuoli. This event produced the Neopolitan Yellow Tuff, referring to the characteristic yellow rocks there.
The area was known to the Greeks, who had a colony nearby at Cumae.
The caldera, which now is essentially at ground level, is accessible on foot. It contains a large number of fumaroles, from which steam can be seen issuing, and a number of pools of boiling mud. Several subsidiary cones and tuff craters lie within the caldera. One of these craters is filled by Lago d'Averno. In 1538, an eight-day eruption in the area deposited enough material to create a new hill, Monte Nuovo. At Campi Flegrei, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.

Bacoli Pozzuoli Naples Island of Procida Island of Ischia
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