Island of Ischia

History

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History

Recent studies have shown that the island of Ischia has been inhabited since pre-historic tirnes. Flint and volcanic glass instruments dating from 300BC have been found in many inland areas, along with Bronze and Iron Age ceramic fragments. Due to underwater volcanic activity, Ischia emerged from the sea, one night, in an era unknown even to geologists.
The first clod to emerge was the peak of Mount Epomeo, further eruptions causing the other "mountains". Today, fortunately, volcanic activity on the island is limited to the presence of its thermal waters and numerous steam geysers with temperatures that can reach 106 degrees centigrade. In the area of San Michele fragments of vases concealed under volcanic ash, belonging to thor Neolithic age have been uncovered, thus proving man's presence in this period. There also evidence of Bronze and Iron age settlements. The Qreeks were the first to settle in the Monte Vico area of Lacco Ameno naming the island "Pithekoussai", its position being ideal for their commercial trade in the eastern Mediterranean. Later the Romans changed its name to "Aenaria" and appreciating greatly the bepefits of its springs and thermals waters, erected many temples particularly at Nitrodi in Barano.
After the fall of the Roman Empire Ischia was invaded by various Barbarian tribes. The island was first called "Insula" as recorded in a letter sent from Pope Leone III to Carlo Magno in 813 altering throughout the ages to Insla, Isla, Iscla and finally Ischia. With the end of the Ducy of Naples the island passed under the dominion of the Normans, Swedish, Agevin and Aragons. Following the eruption of Mount Trippodi in 1301 its inhabitants fied to the rriainland and four years later ventured back to the Castle. In 1320 Robert of Angevin visited the Castle, accompanied by his wife Sancia di Majorca. With the new dynasty started by Alfonso I of Aragon, the Castle became a fortified and unconquerable city.
At Island of Ischia, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, %0D holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.