Parma

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In 1847, with the death of Mary Louise, the Dukedom returned to the Bourbons. In 1854, after the assassination of Duke Carlo III, his wife, Luisa Maria di Berry took on the regency in the name of their young son Roberto until, in 1859, a widespread popular revolt obliged her to leave, with dignity, the Dukedom. On 18th March 1860, through a solemn plebiscite, Parma entered to become part of the Kingdom of Italy. As well as being a city of art renowned for its artistic and cultural itineraries, it also attracts its visitors’ interest for the rich documentation which it is able to offer regarding the most important schools of various different periods. Whoever seeks, in fact, the most plentiful evidence of the works of Benedetto Antelami, the greatest sculptor-architect of the Middle Ages, or the most important nucleus of the fascinating work of Correggio, or particularly significant moments of the inspired painting of Parmigianino, knows that only Parma is capable of offering this documentation. To Parma are, likewise, tied the names and the artistic mastery of Giambattista Bodoni from Saluzzo, “the prince of printers”. Finally, Parma’s placing in the musical life of Italy is also significant, not only because its land is the birthplace of the genius Verdi, as well as being that of Ferdinando Paër, Ildebrando Pizzetti and Arturo Toscanini, but also for its renowned Conservatory, for its famous Regio Theatre and, above all, for the importance of music in the everyday and cultural traditions of its people.