Lizzano in Belvedere
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Lizzano in Belvedere is widely believed that Hannibal and the Carthaginian army passed through here. What is certain is that this area, from the Tyrrhenian side to the Adriatic plains, was passed through and settled by the Ligurians, Etruscans, and Romans in ancient times. In 553 A.D. the Apennines became part of Ravenna's Byzantine administration, an event proved by the dedication of the parish of Lizzano to the (oriental) Saint Mamante of Cesarea.
Following a Longobard donation, in subsequent centuries and through various events, the Lizzano in Belvedere area was linked to and governed by the Benedictine abbey of Nonantola. During the Middle Ages, the zone acquired a dense road network which linked Bologna and Modena with the important economic centres of Tuscany. Around the 12th century, Lizzano passed under the authority of the Municipality of Bologna which, to defend its borders, fortified the area by building a castle at the top of Monte Belvedere.
In the 13th century, the zone was divided into 5 autonomous municipalities: Belvedere, Gabba, Lizzano in Belvedere, Monte Acuto delle Alpi and Rocca Corneta. The existing municipality arose following Italian unification, and took the name of Lizzano in Belvedere.
Museo Etnografico Giovanni Carpani
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