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They wore a long mantle, which served as a blanket during the night and a wide-brimmed hat for protection against the rain and sun. They kept numerous things in their haversack: bread and cheese, and the safe-conduct (a type of passport ante Litteram), money, flint, at least a pair of leather souls for mending shoes, a knife, laces, some lard and wine in a leather flask or pumpkin. They carried a staff to; lean on whilst climbing, probe fords, chase away stray dogs and defend themselves when necessary. On departure they had their mantle blessed. The staff was often in the shape of a cross (Taumata). The pilgrims heading for Rome and other sacred places, were convinced that they were purifying their souls and they often started a new life afterwards.
The pilgrims heading for the holy land carried with them a symbolic sprig of palm and were called "Palmieri"; those heading for S. Giacomo di Campostela where known as "Giacobei"; but the ones heading for Rome were called "Romei". Rome was the most common and favourite destination of a pilgrimage, because they were convinced that the Pope himself would absolve each pilgrim from his sins and guilt. The pilgrims had very precise reference points, for example monasteries, abbeys, "hospitia"; they consulted maps made of parchment which showed the exact itineraries to follow.
In northern Europe ships docked at Hamburg. Then from Hamburg they crossed the vast Luneburger Heide towards Osnabruck and Solingen (which was already known for its good quality steel, swords, sabres etc.), as far as Cologne. In those times this was the most populated german city and had two very important fleets in its harbour - up to 1200 Cologne was a free city. The "Romei" prayed there around the relics of the Three Kings, which had been taken to the cathedral of Cologne from Milan by Reinhard von Dassel. The relics were preserved in a golden sarcophagus which was made by the artist Nicola de Verdun and some of his disciples in the XII century.
At Ravenna and environs, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.