Grado

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Visitors staying in Grado have to see its beautiful monuments among which the Cathedral is the most important. Patriarc Elia consecrated it on 3 November 579 and dedicated it to Eufemia. It is made of bricks and sandstone and a recent restoration brought up its original structure. The salient facade has three big windows in the uppercut und still visible are the signs of the narthex, which was destroyed at the end of the last century. On the right side of the building there is the elegant bell-tower erected in 1455 and dominated by the statue of S. Michele Arcangelo. It is a three-aisle building with some columns dated to the Roman age and some others purpose made for the church, probably in the Near East; the stoup was obtained by a Corinthian capital dated to the first century a.C. The mosaic on the floor dates to the late VIth century and was partially remade after World War I. Below the church there are traces of an older building and an hexagonal baptismal basin and the main altar is adorned with a golden piece given by the Venetian nobleman Donato Mazzalorsa in the late XIVth century. The Cappella di San Marco has precious marbles dated to the early Christian and middle age. The Mausoleum, which is supposed to have kept the grave of patriarch Elia (as suggested by a mosaic) and the Treasure of the Cathedral; the Salutatorium, with a mosaic showing the symbol of Elia; the idario and the simple but elegant Battistero (mid Vth century) are all located by the church. The Cathedral of Santa Maria dates to the Vth century, but was restored during the age of Elia. It has a salient facade de of bricks and square stones; columns dating to the period of its restoration divide the three aisles and there is a part of the original mosaic on the floor. In Piazza della Vittoria there are the ruins of two churches dated to the early Vth and late Vlth century. More recent, but worth mentioning are the Condominio a Mare by Marcello d'Olivo, the Spa facilities by Gianni Avon, the Palazzo dei Congressi (Convention building) Gianni Avon and Marco Zanuso. They all are examples of avant-garde architecture.