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History - In the context of European history the Bormio region has assumed a role decidedly more important than one might have expected considering the small size of the area. Its importance, however, derives from the fact that is occupies a key position with regard to communication over the Alps. As far back as the twelfth century, documents refer to the "Imperial German Road" and the "Ombraglio Highway" as highly important commercial thoroughfares between Bormio and northern Europe. Bormio acquired a significant historical dimension with the progressive spread of feudal strife between the nineth and the thirteenth centuries when the episcopates of Coira and Como extended their influence in a bid for possession of the area, and later in 1376 when the whole Valtellina fell into the hands of the Visconti family. By exploiting as much as possible to its own advantage the conflict between Coira and Como, Bormio gradually acquired rights and privileges which led to an extraordinary flourishing of commercial transaction and amphasized, at the same time, its communal autonomy as defined by a series of statutes drawn up by people in 1355 and which were enforced until the annexation with the Cisalpine Republic. The adherence of Valtellina to the Cisalpine Republic and the Kingdom of Italy and the subsequent subjection of the territory to Austrian administration were a decisive factor in bringing the regions of Bormio and Livigno into the mainstream of Italian history.
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Hotels Upper Valtellina