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Cingoli is a small, enchanting city in Italy's Marches region, situated in the heart of the Marchigiano hills, at 631 m above sea level. From the castle walls that have surrounded Cingoli since the Middle Ages, one can enjoy a panorama of the entire Marchigiano territory, all the way to the Adriatic Sea. For this reason Cingoli is called the "Balcony of the Marches". Cingoli's origins can be traced back to earliest antiquity. On the hill where the city now rises, there were human settlements in the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. Then, in the 9th century B.C., Cingoli's lands were inhabited by the ancient Picene people. In 60 B.C. Cingoli was fortified as an official Roman town by Titus Labienus, a native son of the city and lieutenant to Julius Caesar in his Gallic wars.
It became a free city-state (a comune, the word still used to denote a self- governed Italian city or town) in the 12th century A.C., then became part of the Papal States, as a seat of government, until the Unification of Italy, in 1860. Cingoli stands rich in history: the monuments, the many churches, the noble palaces of various eras make for an interesting visit. In addition, Cingoli is surrounded by some 4.500 hectares of forest and woods that offer endless possibilities for observing nature.
Also of interest to visitors is Cingoli's Lake, the largest man-made body of water in Central Italy. The location of Cingoli, on the edge of the provinces of Macerata and Ancona, allows those who stay here to make excursions to the most beautiful spots in the Marches and also in the neighboring region of Umbria.
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