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Castiadas is the youngest commune in Sarrabus, established as an autonomous town council in 1985. From 1875 to 1958 it was the site of a penal settlement, whose inmates were assigned to land reclamation works for agricultural purposes. The town made up a self-sustaining nucleus; its history is marked in the notable city plan, tke only example in Sardinia of classic town planning scheme of tke Giolittian period (late XIX century). The surrounding territory is of great naturalistic interest, both for its mountains, covered by the forests of "Minni Minni", "S'Acqua Callenti" and "Buddui", rich in varied plant species and teeming wildlife, and for the coast, with its long beaches of extremely fine white sand.
A series of archaeological sites dots the landscape, bearing witness to the presence of inhabitants from remote times: there are well-preserved tombs of the giants, in the "Su Friargiu" and "Masone Pardu" districts, and domus de janas in the "Is Pilastru" locality, while standing menhirs are still found in the "Cuili Piras" district. To the nuraghic period belongs a fine settlement characterised by a nuraghe and its surrounding village, as well as other nuraghis, for instance the monument in the "Laccus e S'Ollastu" locality, and the Sciusciu nuraghe, surrounded by a settlement which covers about 5 ha., whick was inhabited from the nuraghic up to the early medieval period. It seems likely that the area was also frequented by Phoenicians and Punic traders: this hypothesis is confirmed by the presence of Punic ruins, dated VI-V century B.C., by traces of a harbour at nearby Monte Nai and at the mouth of the Flumendosa river, where the Roman settlement of Sarcapos was also located: it probably gave its name to the entire Sarrabus region. During the Middle Ages, Villanova Castiadas belonged to the Cagliari Judgeship; later, after the Aragonese conquest, it was assigned to the Quiteranos, a Catalan family which died out in 1861; thereafter, the town passed under the rule of the Carroz family.
It remained a feudal kolding up to the abolition of feudal estates in Sardinia, which took place in 1889. At the end of the month of August the grape festival is held at the Cantina Sociale (wine producers association) of Olia Speciosa. On this occasion, wines, grapes and other local products are tasted. On June 24th, the festival of San Giovanni is held, while the festival of L'Annunziata is celebrated on August 15th.
At Castiadas, it is possible to stay in the best tourist accommodation.
Castiadas accommodation in Hotel Farm House Farm Holiday Bed&Breakfast Camping Holiday Home Rooms for rent Residence Tourist Village Camp site.
Castiadas holiday in Hotel