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The endogenous manifestations, which one finds consist of fumaroles, solfataras and hot
springs. The most important fumaroles
are those of Bagno Secco; hot springs have been noted near Bagnicello, at the Fontanelle,
at the Pietre di Fuardo but the most
important are those of S. Calogero and those which gush below Castellaro and in the
proximity of the Port (Pignataro).
The waters of S. Calogero have been used for therapeutic treatment since time immemorial
proving themselves always to be
most efficacious. At the side of the Spring rises a sweat grotto the "stufa" of Roman
construction and a bath and mud installation
erected in 1867.
During recent works of renovation of the Spa, in proximity of the main entrance, a cupola
building, included in subsequent
constructions, came to light. It is a monument of civil architecture of the Mycenean civilization
(Tholos) so far unknown to the
The presence in the island of Lipari of a building characteristic of the Mycenean architecture,
dating back to the XV century
B.C., is an exceptional event of great historical interest. This discovery of the Mycenean
"Tholos" confirms that during all the
Bronze age, that is in the course of the II millenium B.C., intensive culture and commerce
relationships had occurred between
Greece and the Aeolian Islands.
The analysis of the water was carried out for the first time by Arrosto in 1872; sunsequently
by Gabella (1907) and lastly by
Irrera and Labruto (1933). These last classified them amongst those hyper-thermal, salty -
sulphate - bicarbonate - sodium with
temperature varying around 60° C. Lipari due to its mild climate and serene sky in Winter
presents itself as an ideal resort and
in Summer as a sought-after seaside resort and also for pleasure boating. This island is a
centre for unforgettable excursions
owing to its fascinating countryside. Interesting is the excursion to Quattrocchi where one
admires, amongst a variety of colours,
as in a dream, picturesque inlets with high slender rocks which reflect in the sea. In the
background, as though fading away,
rises from the sea the smoking Vulcano, which encloses the enchanting spectacle.
It is advisable to climb M. Pelato, from where one may observe the Campo Bianco (immense,
strange abyss, white as snow)
and the obsidian outf laws of Spanarello and Rocche Rosse.
Also interesting is the climb to the suburb of Quattrocchi and to the shores at Mezzacaruso,
where the imposing countryside
opens up to the view: striped rocks with ruddy and yellowish tints that fall precipitously to the
sea. Of great tourist interest is the
trip by boat around Lipari. There follow, one after the other, pictorial episodes which form a
composition of great beauty and
variety: deep grottos, delightful beaches, high shores, ample bays, perforated rocks, small
inlets and steep, wild cliffs.