Lipari

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The most important centre is Lipari. Part of the city extends along the two picturesque inlets of Marina Lunga and a part is distributed around its Castle (XVI century), the antique acropolis of Greek and Roman town, which rises majestically on a high Liparitic lava rock, with titanic sixteenth century bastions sheer above the sea.
The Acropolis, called the Castle, is up to the present day the focus of the historical centre, where reminders of the past are still conserved. Within the perimeter of the walls, the populations of the Neolithic, those of the first half of the Iron Age (culture of Piano Quartara), the Bronze Age and the Hellenic Age had their centres as is demonstrated by archeological findings. Of the old town, besides prehistoric stratifications, there still exist Hellenistic remains, the churches and the old Episcopal palace near the Cathedral. Built by Roggero the Norman in 1084, it was completeiy rebuilt in the Baroque Age; it still has, of the original structure, the ogival cross vaults, valuable decorations and stuccoes of the 18th century and paintings of great artistic interest. The church of Immacolata, with its smooth facade and dark pilaster strips, the church of Addolorata of medieval origin but with a cylindrical little dome and baroque facade and the church of S. Maria delle Grazie with a 18th century facade, have all valuable architectures. Among the works of art we must point out a picture of the Addolorata, in the church of Addolorata and other paintings by Girolamo Alibrandi. The walls, built by the Spaniards in the 16th century, the imposing fortifications of the 16th century are well preserved; they were built to the South and include previous fortifications of the 13th century with sheer defence towers and one tower, part of the Greek wall, which still has 23 rows of square blocks of the same thickness. From this gate-tower and through a passage with oglval gate you approach from the city to the wide area of the Castle. At the beginning of our century, a gash made in the wall has interrupted the Spanish fortifications (thus destroying part of the prehistoric and classical remains) in order to create a direct passage from via Garibaldi to the Cathedral.