At the begining of the last century, the
Borbonic General Nunziante created at
Vulcano the industry for the extraction
of sulphur and allum with an efficient
complex of roads and factories.
During the second half of the century,
the Scotsman Stevenson bought the
entire island and continued the work of
his predecessor on rational lines.
A mule track penetrated into the large
crateric chasm, where were also con-
structed huts in brickwork for the
The last formidable explosion destroyed
everything. Near to the port gushes a
hot spring called Acqua di Bagno.
The therapeutic power of this water is
considerable. In the tourist field Vulcano has assumed a first class role.
Vulcanello (124 m), emerged from the
sea in 183 B.C. by an underwater eruption, forms a small peninsular and
comprises three craters established on an
alternation of lava pyroclastic products.
In the Eastern part, due to the erosion
of the marine and atmospheric agents,
one can see an interesting section
showing how a volcanic cone is composed: successions of outflows of lava
and strata of pyroclastic materials.