Here, where the sea-water blends with and is diluted by the freshwater coming
from the river, there is a very particular brackish environment where there is a
very favourable habitat both for the abundant plant species typical of brackish
and coastal environments, some of them particularly significant, and for an
important and rich bird fauna wich, especially during the migratory season
calls in at the broad estuary zone of the Alcantara. No less significant - as we
shall see further an - is the territory immediately around it and the hinterland
of Giardini Naxos, both particularly rich in important natural aspects. It is
characterised low down by dense cultivation, mainly of olives and citrus fruits,
but afterwards - once you get away from the town - as the altitude and
geological nature of the terrain changes, the vegetation and landscape varies.
So we have the gariga, the thin but very beautiful Mediterranean scrub with
broom, euphorbia, lentisks and a scattering of almond trees, vines, olive trees,
prickly pear plants, and then various kinds of oak forest, domestic pine and
A last note on the climate, which, at Giardini Naxos, is markedly
Mediterranean, with summers which are warm but not too hot, mild and short
winters, not very much rainfall, mainly distributed in the months from October
to March, while there is practically none in the summer months; consequently,
on average there are 130 rain-free days in a year; 2200-2500 hours' sunshine;
and the average temperature ranges from 17 to 19 degrees and, during the
hottest months (July and August), thanks to the marine breezes blowing
fairly regularly, on the coast rarely goes above an average of 26 degrees.
At Giardini Naxos, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.