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Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)
Set on a wide calcareous hill in the middle of two deep valleys (called Quarries of San Leonardo and Santa Domenica), Ragusa is divided in two distinct areas: Ragusa Ibla (lower side) and Ragusa (upper side), separated by the bridges valley, a deep ravine crossed by successive four bridges, of which that known as the bridge of the Cappuccini (order of friars), dating the 18th century, is worth-mentioning.
Ragusa Ibla was founded on the original territory of the ancient Siculian town of Hibla Herea, of which many tokens remain, such as rectangular-shaped burial niches in the Gonfalone's valley, along the road driving to Modica. Some of these were reconstructed inside the archaeological museum of Ragusa. Few centuries later, Ragusa was taken over by Greeks, whose usages and customs it deeply absorbed. From the 3rd century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D. almost all Sicily, including Ragusa, fell under the rule of the Roman Empire.
After the fall of the empire, the Byzantines took over from the Romans and kept power for about five centuries. During Byzantine rule, Ragusa was almost completely fortified to defend itself from the continuous Barbarian attacks, although few architectural findings remain intact from that period. Between the 8th and the 13th centuries, the area was run by the Arabs.
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Ragusa holiday in Hotel