This is the most important civil building
in the city; construction, to plans by
Arnolfo di Cambio, was begun in 1299.
It was the seat of the Priori delle Arti, of
the Signoria and the ducal residence;
over the centuries it was remodelled several times. The 14th century
graced with the fountain with the
"putto", a copy of Verrocchio's original,
was later modified by Michelozzo.
Inside, it is worth seeing the Salone dei
Cinquecento, the study of Francesco I,
the room of the Elements and the Sala
The Loggia della Signoria or "dei
Lanzi" overlooks the square; here there
are several important statues including
"Perseus" by Cellini and the "Rape of
the Sabine Women" by Giambologna.
Works by important 20th century artists
are housed in the Raccolta d'Arte
Contemporanea A. della Ragione, which
is also located in Piazza della Signoria.