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They built roads, reclaimed swamps and marshes and built great
cities such as Tarquinia, Chiusi, Vulci, Vetulonia, Veio, Volsini and Volterra.
The exceptional archaeological findings, scattered over an extremely
vast territory and found in tombs of all kinds and dimensions in the
extraordinary and almost incredible necropolises or "the cities of the
dead", testify to the degree of civilization that this population reached.
During the third Century B.C. the Etruscans were beaten by the
Roman military power. Consequently, after an initial period of prosperity -
achieved by means of a series of thriving activities, such as
manufacturing, quarrying, mining, iron processing, trade and commerce -
the whole region declined economically, culturally and socially. During the
Longobard domination, Lucca became the most important centre, and the
whole of Tuscany was turned, at first, into a Duchy, then into a County
and then again into the Marquesate of Lucca. During the 11th Century,
the Marquesate was acquired by the Attonis, a large feudal family that
already owned the areas of Canossa, Modena, Reggio and Mantova.
The famous Countess Matilde from Canossa belonged to this
powerful family, and it was inside her castle that the historical meeting between Pope
Gregory VII and the German Emperor Henry IV took place.
Tuscany signifies simple and friendly hospitality, able to offer a large variety of: hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.