Stelvio National Park
Hotels Stelvio National Park
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The valleys and their populations - When in 1935 the National Park was introduced by law to protect a fragile alpine environment, its territory covered widely differing and varied realities. Unlike in other European countries or anywhere else, where the protected forests, deserts, coastal lines or biotopes were not or only very scarcely inhabited, the legal act creating the Stifserjoch National Park also included villages and productive units. This is particularly true for the South Tyrol segment of the park, but applies also to the high altitude plateaus of Pejo and Rabbi.
"First these areas were populated by humans, then came the National Park"; this premise is to be recalled in order to understand that we are not talking about a kind of "nature museum", but a geographical area where people live and work every day. From the very first days these settlements were not only seasonal, but very stable communities, which fairly soon acquired a status of selfgovernance. In fact in Pejo there are documents ("carte di regola") from 1300 which certify this status and very old traditions of popular-assemblies ("consortele") in Rabbi. The economic activities, like the cultivation of crops, cattle breeding, dairy-farming and small crafts-workshops, all aimed at preserving the very fragile natural balance by protecting all "common goods" as forests, pastures, high meadows, rivers and roads. The people were guided by a common philosophy and vision of life and their activities were in complete harmony with their surrounding environment.
The use and maintenance of goods and infrastructures of common interest were precisely regulated from the outset. The populations of these valleys were always inspired by the necessity to find non-traumatic solutions for their buildings, land cultivation and land-clearing techniques. This deeply-radicated and honest sense of responsibility is certainly a natural virtue of these mountain-populations, particularly worth re-discovering in times where man's relation with nature is more and more dictated by conflicts and personal interests.
Photo and text: Consorzio del Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio
Via Roma, 26 - 23032 Bormio SO
Tel. (+39) 0342 910100 - Fax (+39) 0342 919063
At Stelvio National Park, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, mountain chalets, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.