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An austere and picturesque city beautifully positioned at 396 m above sea level on a small hill crowned with a fortress, at the foot of the wooded Monteluco. The town, with its grey towered profile, slopes down towards the plain into a beautiful backdrop of green mountains. A city of very old origins, Spoleto is today one of the main tourist centers in Umbria, not only for its important archeological, medieval and renaissance monuments, but for the countless and extremely interesting cultural and artistic events that take place here, such as the Festival of the Two Worlds and the opera season. The Cathedral was built at the end of 13th century. The Romanesque facade, next to a great bell tower, is decorated in the upper part by a magnificent mosaic of 1207.
The inside was rebuilt in the 17th century and it still has superb mosaics (most of them 13th century) on the floor. Among the many works of art we can admire the wonderful frescoes of Filippo Lippi and of Pinturicchio, the altars of Giuseppe Valadier and an interesting bronze bust of Urbano VIII by Bernini. In 1359 the Cardinal Albornoz ordered the construction of the Rocca, completed under Matteo Gattaponi in 1362. The rocca has six towers and two beautiful courtyards: the Armi courtyard and the Gattaponi courtyard. One of the major monuments of Umbria is San Pietro. It was built in the area where an ancient necropolis was. The facade is a Romanesque sculptural masterpiece. The inside was redone in the 17th century, the holy water basins and the baptismal font are dated 14th century while the paintings are of the 15th and 16th century. The "Ponte delle Torri", formed by 10 powerful arcades passing over an impressive abyss, was built in 1350 by order of Albornoz in order to create an easy access road to Monteluco and to direct the waters into the fortress.
Besides we can admire the Basilica di San Salvatore, probably of the fourth century and the Teatro Romano, of imperial time. Spoleto and his district is an ideal starting point for those wishing to explore the most important town of the central Italy. The flavours of the local cuisine, robust yet unexpectedly refined, are caressed by the wines of an ancient oenological tradition. One more reason to maintain a special memory of Spoleto's district, and even to take home some of the local homemade produce of the fertile Umbrian hills: olive oil, wine, mushrooms, sausage meats, truffles, honey and chestnuts.
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