Umbria

The History and the Art

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The History and the Art

Umbria, at the crossroads between north and south and between the Adriatic and the Tyhrrenian Seas, has seen the history of three millennia pass across its lands. Prehistoric remains, conserved largely in the Archaeological Museum in Perugia, reveal a human presence here which goes back as far as the Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods. There are flints and arrowheads from the fluvial terraces of the Chiascio and Tevere rivers as well as from the area of Norcia and along the banks of Lake Trasimeno. The fine statuette known as Venus of Trasimeno is from the Upper Palaeolithic period whilst the tomb of Poggio Aquilino near Perugia dates from the Upper Neolithic period. In the burial chambers of Monteleone di Spoleto evidence of burial and cremation from the transitional period between the Bronze and Iron ages has been found.
Around 1000 B.C. a wave of migration brought a group of tribes known as the Oscan-Umbrians to the region. It is thought that their dominion stretched from the Adriatic to the upper and middle regions of the valley on the west bank of the Tevere, perhaps extending as far as the T'yhrrenian Sea. The first settlements grew up at Otricoli, Amelia, Terni, Narni, Todi, Spoleto, Nocera, Foligno, Assisi, Bettona, Gualdo Tadino, Gubbio and Città di Castello.