Within the mosaic of the Italian peninsula, Molise is a tile of very small dimensions.
The establishment of the Molise region is fairly recent, dating in fact from December 1963, when the territory was separated from that of the Abruzzi region. Today it consists of two provinces, Campobasso and Isernia.
It is bordered to the north by the Adriatic sea and the rivers Trigno and Alto Sangro, to the west by the region of Lazio, to the south by Campania and to the east by a stretch of the middle stretch of the river Fortore from Puglia.
The Apennine mountains characterise both the north west of the territory (the Meta mountains – an extension of the Abruzzi Apennines) and to the south with the Matese mountains which belong to the Apennines of Campania, known in Molise as the Samnite Apennines.
The Molise region, or to be more precise in the area around Iscarnia, is where relics have been discovered which are the oldest evidence of human life on our peninsula. There are traces of a large ossuary, presumably the remains of a large centre for the butchering of animals. According to the researchers, it is ascribed to the Middle Palaeolithic period. Nothing, however, is known about man’s activities at this time.