A little history

In Trentino in the II century B.C. we can see evidence of Etruscan elements; probably fleeing from the the Po river valley from the invasions of the Gauls. Following the arrival of the Gauls, the "Reti" culture was formed by the mixture of the Etruscan and Celt populations, giving rise to a cuisine praised by famous Romans such as the Emperor Augustus and the Poet Orazio (Horace). Subsequently, at the time of Augustus, Rome extended its dominion over this region. After the Roman Empire came the Longobard invasion (596 A.D.), where the duchy of Trento was created as a defence post against the Franks and Bavarians. Charlemagne arrived in 774 A.D. and the duchy became a Marquisate of Trento with expansion towards the plains of the river Po. When the Carolingian empire dissolved, the Adige river took on a new importance, being the principal route of communication between Germany and Italy. In 952, Trentino was transferred to Germany and was encompassed by the Othonian empire. Over the course of the 13th century the ecclesiastical Count-bishops took control of the Trentino area, but they in turn were overthrown by the counts from the Tyrol, thus establishing a secular administration in the area. In 1363 Trentino was conquered by Rodolfo IV of the Hapsburgs: thus the principality of Trent, together with the Tyrol region was brought into the circle of German predominance, fixing the German influence on.the crafts and traditions of the people. The Italian language and tradition, however, never died out and managed to live on simultaneously with the German. In 1848 - 9 Trentino participated in the wars of independence for the Unification of Italy, but it wasn't until after the First World War, November 1918, that the Trentino was occupied by Italian forces and officially became part of the Italian Kingdom. Since 1948, Trentino Alto Adige is an administrative Region of Italy with a special statute including the independent provinces of Trento and Bolzano, hence giving a particular autonomy to the two provinces. One should take account of the difference in the populations of the two territories: the Italian culture which felt the influences of the Count-bishops and the famous Council of Trent, more than the Hapsburg tradition, and hung on fervently to its Italian roots and dialect. The other, German culture also jealously protects its roots , crafts and traditions, to the extent of regarding the Italian tourist as a "foreigner".