Hotels Parma
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This is a city of aristocratic cultural traditions; it is rich in precious works of art and memories of its past spent as the capital of its area. It also owes its fame to the names of some of its most renowned progeny and to the various artists who have worked there - from Benetto Antelami to Correggio, Parmigianino and Bodoni, and from Verdi to Toscanini - to the poets, the writers and the directors who were inspired by it, one of the foremost being Stendhal who recreated it to stand out magnificently in the pages of his work "Chartreuse". Parma does not resemble any of the other beautiful, medium-sized cities which attract visitors in Italy.
Testimonies from the best of every great artistic period spread its fame throughout Europe, thanks to the dynasties of the Farneses and the Bourbons (in the XVIIIth century it was defined as the Athens of Italy) and to the illuminated rule of Mary Louise of Austria. Many things group together to make Parma a city with an exquisite character which is unmistakable in the panorama of the most sought after tourist centres: the refinement of its social life, the intensity of the manifold cultural interests, the dynamic entrepreneurial spirit driving its industrial enterprises and its exhibition quarter and the refined taste for conviviality and good eating born from the excellent produce of its land. Established in 183 B.C. by Marco Emilio Lepido as a Roman colony along the Via Emilia, in the Imperial Epoch, Parma added to its name the title of Julia and Augusta. In the Middle Ages, it was already a flourishing Comune (Municipality) and then, from the XIVth to the XVIth centuries, it passed under the rule of the Visconti and the Sforza families, as well as under the French and the Papacy. In 1545, it was set up as a Dukedom by pope Paul III who assigned it to his son Pier Luigi Farnese. This was a dynasty which was to reign for almost two centuries, leaving behind it a memory of its lavishness and of its greatness. In the first half of the XVIIIth century, the Dukedom passed from the Bourbons to Napoleonic rule; the Bourbon family had imparted to the Court and to the town life generally, a spirit which was exquisitely French. The Napoleonic dominion was established from 1802 to 1814, the Congress of Vienna having assigned the Parmensi states, following the fall of Bonapart, to his wife Mary Louise of Austria, daughter of the Emperor Franz I.

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