Aeolian Islands

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In the Carthaginian expedition of 408-406, Lipari was again on friendly relations with Syracuse. It was therefore attacked by the Carthaginian general Imilcone who, taking possession of the city, extorted from the inhabitants an indemnity of 30 talents. With the Carthaginians departed, Lipari returned to the full enjoyment of its independece. During the domination of Dionisio the Old, Lipari remained at the side of Syracuse and later of Tindari.
In the year 304 the island was attacked by Agatocle who imposed a tribute of 50 talents, which he lost during the crossing towards Sicily owing to a storm attributed to the anger of Eolo.
Later Lipari fell under the Carthaginian yoke and was still thus when the first Punic w'ar broke out. Owing to its excellent ports and position of high strategic value, the Archipelago became one of the best Carthaginian naval stations. In 262 the Roman consul Cn. Cornelius Scipione, under the illusion of being capable of easily taking possession of Lipari, was trapped there by Hannibal and captured with the whole of his squadron.
In 258 Lipari was besieged by Atilio Calatino. In 257 the Aeolian waters formed the theatre of a fierce battle between the Carthaginian and Roman fleets. Lipari was conquered by the Romans in 252 B.C. Razed to the ground by means of cruel slaughters, it lost with its in- dependence its economic prosperity and a period of severe decline began. However it gained great economic advantages from the allum which had probably been extracted from the island of Vulcano since the Bronze Age of which Lipari had the monopoly in the ancient world.
The excellent hot springs of Vulcano and Lipari were also much visited and were also known by Imperial Rome. Cicero includes Lipari among the "decuman cities" and speaks about how they had been abused by Verre. The Aeolian Islands enjoyed a period of great strategic importance during the civil war between Ottaviano, master of Italy, and Sesto Pompeo, master of Sicily. Lipari, fortified by Sesto Pompeo, was conquered in 36 B.C. by Agrippa, Admiral of Ottaviano who based his fleet on the island of Vulcano for the operations proceeding the naval battle of Milazzo and the subsequent landing in Sicily. On this occasion, Lipari was again plundered and ravaged.
It seems that it was subsequently con- stituted as a Municipality. Plinium call- ed it "oppidum civium romanorum". We know nothing of Lipari during all the Roman Imperial Age (I-IV century A.D.). We only know that Emperor Caracalla, after having executed his father-in-law Plauziano, banished his wife Plautilla thereandhisbrother-in-law Plauzio, who died in exile.
At Aeolian Islands, there is tourist accommodation available in hotels, farm holiday, farmhouse, residence self-catering accommodation, b&b, rooms for rent, holiday homes, camp sites and tourist villages.